Glenview Dog Bite Lawyer Answers Frequently Asked Questions

Glenview dog bite lawyerAs an experienced Glenview dog bite lawyer, I know better than most how devastating and traumatic a dog bite injury can be for the victim. Despite the prevalence of the dog-bite epidemic, I am often surprised how little the public knows about dog bite law.

Dog bite law is not something most people think about until they or someone they love become victims. I have previously written a post on some of the more frequently asked questions concerning Illinois dog bite law. In this article, I discuss some of the more practical aspects of dog bite cases, including, important safety precautions, first aid and procedures following an attack.

How Many Dog Bites are there Per Year?

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), there are more than 4.5 million people bitten by dogs each year in the United States. Of these victims, more than 800,000 require medical attention. Worse, at least half of all dog bite victims are children. In fact, Between 2003 and 2012, dog bites were the 11th leading cause of nonfatal injuries to children ages 1 to 4, 9th for children ages 5 to 9 and 10th for children ages 10 to 14. The American Humane Association reports that 66 percent of dog bites to children occur on the neck and head.

The annual amount paid out by insurance companies to dog bite victims is staggering.  The Insurance Information Institute estimates that in 2013 U.S. insurers paid out approximately $500 million in dog bite claims. Moreover, the average cost per claim increased by 5.3 percent in 2018 to $39,017. Between 2003 and 2018, the average cost per claim has risen by more than 103 percent.

Why Dogs Bite Humans

As the American Veterinary Medical Association points out, “Big or small, male or female, young or old, any dog can bite.” While it is true that some breeds are more prone to aggression than others, any dog is capable of biting at any time. Dogs typically bite in reaction to fear or surprise. It is for this reason that children are the most common dog bite victims. Children are more likely than adults to do something to provoke or frighten dogs (e.g., hugging the dog or trying to take away its toy). To be sure, there are many reasons why dogs attack humans without being provoked. Some of these reasons include:

  • The dog is protecting a possession, food or even a puppy
  • The dog is protecting its territory
  • The dog is protecting its owner
  • The dog is injured or ill
  • The dog perceives you as a threat

It is helpful to be aware of the reasons why dogs bite humans so that we can attempt to avoid certain high-risk situations. More importantly, however, are telltale signs that a dog is preparing to attack. If we can recognize warning signs, we can act appropriately to protect both ourselves and our loved ones.

How Dogs Warn Us

I am often asked why dogs bite without warning. This is a common perception, that we have no way of knowing when a dog will attack. While this may be true in some limited circumstances, more commonly a dog will exhibit telltale warning signs that they are about to attack. Some of the more easily read warning signs include:

  • Barking or Growling
  • Raising a lip to show its teeth
  • Raised fur on the dog’s back and neck
  • A curved tongue (curved means tension while flat means relaxed)
  • The dog’s ears are flat or suddenly prick up
  • Salivating at the mouth (for some dogs this is a sign they are stressed)
  • Staring
  • Lifting a paw (a sign that the dog believes something negative is about to happen)

There are some other warning signs that are not as easily read. It is helpful to be aware of these less obvious warning signs and to proceed with caution. One of the least understood is when a dog is wagging its tail. We commonly associate tail wagging with excitement. This is true most of the time. However, where the tail is up and wagging stiffly it can be a warning sign that a dog is feeling threatened and/or is about to exhibit aggression.

Another difficult to read warning sign is the placement of a dog’s paws and posture. If a dog is standing with its legs spread wider than normal and is puffing its chest out, this can be a sign of aggression. Moreover, if the dog appears tense it could be a sign that it feels threatened and is preparing to attack.

Precautions to Take to Avoid a Dog Bite

If you encounter a dog exhibiting any of the above behaviors, there are several precautions you can take to minimize the risk of an attack. These precautions include:

  • Avoid making direct eye contact. If a dog is staring at you gradually avert your gaze to avoid startling it
  • Remain calm. Avoid yelling or making loud noises. Rather, say “No” or “Go Home” in a deep voice. Do not hit the dog. If the dog sees you are calm it could cause it to back down
  • Protect your neck by slowly raising your hands and keeping your elbows in
  • If the dog does not leave, then slowly back away. Avoid turning around or running. If you run the dog will likely chase you

Sometimes, regardless of the precautions that you take an attack cannot be avoided. If you are attacked it is important to act defensively and to seek proper medical care as soon as possible following the incident.

What to Do if You are Bitten by a Dog

If you are attacked by a dog the most important thing is to defend yourself. While it is understandable that you do not want to hurt the dog, it is more important that you protect yourself. If the dog starts to bite you then hit or kick it in the throat, nose, ribs and/or back of the head.

Dogs have very thick skulls so hitting it on the top of the head will likely only make it angrier.

The goal is to temporarily stun the dog to allow you time to get away. If you carry mace or pepper spray use it. Both are very effective in defending against a dog attack.

Another effective method is to place an object between you and the dog. For instance, if you are carrying a bag use it to shield yourself and/or push the dog away. If you have a jacket or shirt use it to cover the dog’s eyes. When dogs cannot see they will panic and open their mouths. This could cause the dog to release its grip allowing you to escape. If the dog knocks you onto the ground, curl up into a ball with your head tucked in. Make fists to protect your fingers. Protect your ears and neck with your forearms and fists.

If you are coming to the aid of someone being attacked by a dog avoid pulling the dog off. Pulling the dog off can cause a wound to become deeper and larger. Rather, try one of the above techniques of striking the dog or covering its eyes.

Eventually the dog will lose interest in you or hopefully someone will come to your aid. Slowly leave the scene of the attack when safe to do so.

When a Dog Bites What is the Treatment?

As soon as you are safe, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Tend to any wounds until you can receive professional medical assistance. Perform the following basic first aid procedures:

  • Apply gentle pressure to stop bleeding. Use a clean cloth or a gauze pad
  • Wash the wound with warm water and soap
  • Apply an antibiotic cream
  • Once you have stopped bleeding apply a band-aid or bandages for larger cuts

If you are unable to stop the bleeding or feel faint call 911. If you successfully treat the wound at home but notice signs of infection (e.g., redness, warmth or pus) seek immediate medical attention.

Typical Dog Bite Injuries

The most common injuries are abrasions, punctures or lacerations resulting from the bite itself. It is also possible to suffer internal injuries such as nerve damage, muscle or ligament damage, or even broken bones. Infection following a dog bite is fairly common. According to the CDC, approximately 18% of dog bites become infected. Experts have found over 60 different types of bacteria can live in a dog’s mouth. The following diseases can be caused by dog bites:

  • Rabies – one of the most serious diseases people can get from dog bites. Rabies can be fatal.
  • Capnocytophaga – can result in heart attack, kidney failure or even gangrene
  • Pasteurella – typically results in a painful, red infection at the site of the bite
  • MRSA – a form of staph infection that can cause skin, lung and urinary tract infections
  • Tetanus – can result in paralysis

Should You Get Stitches After a Dog Bite?

Whether or not you should get stitches after a dog bite primarily depends on two factors:

  • The size and location of the bite
  • Time amount of time that has passed since the bite occurred

Bite marks located on the hands or feet are generally not stitched unless absolutely necessary. The hands and feet are more prone to infection than other areas of the body. Closing the wounds with stitches substantially increases the likelihood of infection.

Wounds should generally be stitched within 6 to 8 hours following the bite. If you are unable to stop the bleeding on your own or you are not sure whether you require stitches seek treatment from a health professional.

Should You Report a Dog Bite?

If you can it is important to use your smartphone to take photos of the dog. If the dog is with its owner take his or her photo as well. The owner will often attempt to flee the scene to avoid liability. Finally, take photographs of the surrounding area, including, but not limited to, street signs, houses, cars and any important landmarks. These photos will be important in demonstrating where the attack occurred.

If you are not severely injured it is often a good idea to take the photos before contacting the police. If the dog or owner run off you may lose your only opportunity to identify them. It is a good idea to contact the police following any dog bite. Not only can the officer help you to receive medical attention and to obtain the owner’s information, but he or she will file a report about the attack. The police report will be essential for insurance purposes, as well as animal control.

Much like you would following a car accident, if the dog’s owner has not disappeared, obtain his or her information. You should attempt to collect:

  • The owner’s name, address, phone number and email address
  • The dog’s name, age, breed and veterinarian info (to obtain the vaccination record)
  • The owner’s homeowner or renter’s insurance information

In addition to contacting the police, be sure to contact animal control to report the attack. Animal control serves many important functions, including verifying the dog’s vaccination records and biting history, as well as preventing the dog from attacking other victims in the future.

Dog Bite Law Illinois

Dog bite law in Illinois is covered by 510 ILCS 5/16. That statute provides that in order to prove a dog owner is liable for an attack, the victim must show that:

  • The dog attacked, attempted to attack or injured the victim;
  • The victim had the lawful right to be in the place where he or she was attacked; and
  • The victim did not provoke the dog

Note that the statute also applies to situations other than dog bites. For instance, if you are hurt when a dog excitedly jumps on you, the owner can be liable for the resulting injuries. The second and third of these elements highlight the two most common owner defenses: that the dog was provoked, and that the victim was trespassing. In addition to the Illinois dog bite statute, an owner may be found liable under theories of negligence, landlord liability and even for emotional distress.

Strict Liability Dog Bite Law in Illinois

The Illinois dog bite statute is based on a theory of strict liability. In the U.S., there are typically two legal theories under which a dog owner may be found liable for a dog bite. Under a theory of strict liability, an Illinois dog owner cannot argue that he or she was unaware of a dog’s aggressive tendencies. If a dog injures another person (and the victim was not trespassing and did not provoke the dog) the owner is liable. This theory may seem overly harsh. However, the Illinois legislature has identified the serious public threat of dog attacks and has placed the burden on owners to ensure that adequate precautions are taken.

Experienced Dog Bite Lawyer

As an experienced Glenview dog bite lawyer, I have witnessed firsthand how truly devastating dog bites are for victims and their families. I have assisted countless Illinois dog bite victims to recover damages for their injuries. If you or someone you know has been the victim of a dog bite in Illinois, please contact us today for a free consultation.

Fatal State Trooper Accidents on the Rise in Illinois

Fatal state trooper accidentsFatal state trooper accidents are seemingly on the rise this year. State Trooper Gerald Ellis, 36, was killed early on March 30, 2019 when a driver going in the wrong direction struck his squad car. This fatal car accident in Illinois is sadly the third fatal crash involving a State Trooper in the state this year. The second fatal crash involving a State Trooper had occurred just days prior. This is a tragedy and completely avoidable and our thoughts and prayers go out to his family.

These fatal State Trooper accidents are part of a growing problem of drivers hitting stopped squad cars that have their emergency lights on. To be sure, many of the reported incidents have reported minimal damage with no injuries. There has been a total of 58 reported crashes involving Illinois State Police squad cars this year. Such accidents serve as an important reminder of Scott’s Law.

What is Scott’s Law?

Scott’s Law was named after Lieutenant Scott Gillen of the Chicago Fire Department who was struck and killed by a drunk driver while assisting at a crash located on the Dan Ryan Expressway. Scott’s Law governs the passage of authorized emergency vehicles. “Authorized Emergency Vehicles” are defined as any vehicle authorized by law to be equipped with oscillating, rotating or flashing lights.

It is important to note that the above definition also includes vehicles that are not strictly for emergency use. Examples include vehicles used by construction workers, tow trucks and maintenance crews. Passenger vehicles with their hazard lights on are not covered under the law.

What Should I Do When Passing a Stopped Emergency Vehicle?

When approaching a stopped authorized emergency vehicle that is displaying flashing lights, drivers must yield the right-of-way. To yield the right-of-way, drivers must make a lane change to a lane that is not next to the authorized emergency vehicle. If the driver is unable to change lanes (i.e., it is unsafe or not possible) then he or she must reduce speed and proceed with caution past the emergency vehicle.

What are the Penalties Under Scott’s Law?

  • Drivers that fail to yield the right of way or to proceed with caution where not practicable, face a fine of up to $10,000.
  • Drivers that commit the offense while under the influence of alcohol or drugs face even greater penalties.

It is worth noting that following the recent State Trooper accidents there has been a push by Illinois lawmakers to stiffen the penalties under Scott’s Law. One proposal backed by Governor JB Pritzker would make violations resulting in a crash a criminal offense. Where the violation results in property damage the driver could be charged with a Class A misdemeanor. If the crash results in injury or death the driver could be charged with a Class 4 felony. Class 4 felonies are punishable by up to 3 years in prison.

Law enforcement works hard to ensure that our roadways are safe, often coming to the aid of distressed drivers. We owe it to them to abide by the law to keep them safe. If you or someone you know has been involved in a car accident in Illinois you should not wait to contact an experienced attorney at the Chicago Legal Group. Call 847-305-4105 or fill out our online contact form to request a free case evaluation.

Emotional Distress After a Personal Injury

If you have experienced pain and discomfort as a result of an accident or injury, emotional distress law in Illinois makes it possible for you to obtain Emotional distress after a personal injurycompensation for accompanying emotional distress after a personal injury.

Often, many of those that sustain injuries suffer in silence, unaware of the symptoms of emotional distress and of important rights under Illinois emotional distress law. The attorneys at Chicago Legal Group are experienced emotional distress lawyers. We have assisted clients in obtaining emotional distress damages after an auto accident or other personal injury.

What is Emotional Distress?

Emotional distress is generally associated with mental anguish, or the non-physical symptoms of an injury. The period of mental suffering is typically brought on by a traumatic experience. Depending on factors unique to the victim, or the extent of the trauma, the period of suffering can be short-lived or chronic in nature.

What are Common Symptoms of Emotional Distress?

Emotional distress symptoms following an accident can take many forms. Common signs of emotional distress include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Embarrassment
  • Feelings of Guilt
  • Insomnia
  • Lack of Interest in Previously Enjoyable Activities

Obtaining Compensation Under Illinois Emotional Distress Law

While you may have or are currently exhibiting the above symptoms, that does not necessarily mean that you are entitled to emotional distress damages. In order to recover, you must be able to demonstrate that the accident or injury sustained caused the emotional distress. Common diagnoses in which you may be able to recover emotional distress damages include, but are not limited to:

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The American Psychiatric Association defines PTSD as a psychiatric disorder suffered by people wo have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a violent assault or serious car accident. PTSD symptoms typically occur within three months of a traumatic incident. Depending on the victim recovery can occur in as little as several months. However, for others, the condition can be chronic and last for many years.

  • Depression

Like PTSD, depression can take many forms. Symptoms can be mild or significantly interfere with your normal day-to-day activities. Depression is one of the more common forms of emotional distress experienced following an accident.

  • Anxiety

Anxiety following an accident or traumatic event is common. In the case of a car accident, for instance, the victim may be so anxious about driving that he or she is unable to commute to and from work. More serious symptoms can render the victim unable to complete routine tasks, making day-to-day life extraordinarily difficult.

  • Insomnia

An inability to sleep due to the actual physical injuries sustained or as a result of emotional trauma from the accident.

Do I Need to Be Physically Injured to Recover Under Illinois Emotional Distress Law?

This is one of the more common questions that we are asked by prospective clients. Often when we think of emotional distress, we think of being a victim of a crime or being involved in a car accident. While these types of cases certainly fall under Illinois emotional distress law, they are not the only type. One does not need to be seriously injured to suffer emotional distress.

In fact, we were recently contacted by a prospective client involved in a dog attack case. The person was holding a small dog when the two were attacked by a pit bull. The person suffered very minor injuries, but the dog died as a result of the wounds. One can imagine how traumatic it must be to witness such a vicious attack on a beloved pet. So, while the dog’s owner suffered little in the way of physical injuries, the resulting emotional distress damages can be significant. The person’s ability to recover largely depends on his or her symptoms and the extent of professional treatment required.

What Should I Do if I am Experiencing any Symptoms of Emotional Distress?

If you are currently experiencing any of the above symptoms, or related mental anguish, resulting from an accident or traumatic event, it is important to seek professional help. Even emotional distress symptoms that are seemingly mild can become far more chronic if left untreated. In many cases, professional treatment is required for victims to make a full recovery. In addition, a mental health diagnosis will be necessary to establish the extent of your injuries should you wish to pursue damages.

Once you have sought treatment, it is important to consult with experienced emotional distress lawyers. Emotional distress law in Illinois can be complex. Failure to abide by applicable procedures can result in a forfeiture of your right to recover emotional distress damages.

The responsible party, and especially his or her insurance company, will attempt to minimize the extent of your emotional distress damages in an effort to pay you less. Experienced emotional distress lawyers can help you to place a value on your suffering and to not settle for less. Moreover, should you wish to proceed to trial, you will need to establish a causal connection between the accident or injury and subsequent emotional distress symptoms.

If you suffered emotional distress after a personal injury such as a car accident, please contact us today for a free consultation.

FAQ’s from a Car Accident Lawyer in Chicago

As an experienced car accident lawyer in Chicago, I have represented car accident lawyer in Chicagocountless individuals involved in both minor and major accidents like the one that occurred last week in Northbrook, Illinois.

On April 21, 2019, five vehicles were involved in a serious crash on Edens Expressway in Northbrook. The accident occurred when a tractor with a semi-trailer struck four passenger vehicles stopped in traffic. Five people were transported to local hospitals with critical injuries.

Like the majority of Illinois drivers, many of our clients do not know what they should do, or not do, if they have been involved in a car accident in Illinois. This post is intended to provide our readers with a basic overview of procedures to follow in the event they have been involved in a car accident in Illinois.

  1. What Should I Do in the Event I Am Involved in a Car Accident in Illinois?

The most important step following an accident is to determine the safety of all involved. If you are unharmed, immediately call 911 to request medical assistance. Why call 911 even if there are no injuries – check out my blog on why you should always file a police report after an accident.

If you are injured and unable to call, ask for help from the other driver(s) or anyone that has stopped to assist. If no one is hurt, contact local law enforcement to report the accident. If there has been damage to the vehicles you will need a police report, as well as the other driver’s insurance information.

2. Do Not Ignore the Possibility that You Could be Injured

Often those involved in a car accident are in shock following the accident and do not realize that they have been injured. While major injuries such as broken bones and contusions are easy to detect, other injuries may not be detected for hours, or even days, following the accident. In fact, the majority of car accidents result in “soft-tissue injuries” such as whiplash and torn ligaments. Once the period of shock has worn off you may become aware of the injuries for the first time. If so, seek immediate medical assistance.

3. Cooperate with Law Enforcement but Maintain Your Composure

Once law enforcement arrives on the scene the officers will first check to see whether the parties require immediate medical assistance. Next, the officers will question the parties and collect insurance information to determine the cause of the accident and to complete the police report.

It is important to cooperate with the police but also to maintain your composure. Anything you say to the police will be documented and could be used against you later when your insurance company or a jury attempts to determine fault for the accident.

This also applies to statements you make about your injuries to the police, emergency personnel or your physicians. They routinely document what an accident victim says. If you tell the police that you are not in pain when interviewed, that might be used against you later. That is not to say that you should overstate your discomfort or lie to the police. Just keep this fact in mind.

4. Gather Evidence

If you are able, it is important to gather as much evidence as possible from the accident scene. The availability of high-quality cameras on all of our smartphones has made this process fairly easy.

  • Take photographs of the vehicles attempting to capture all the damage (especially points of impact).
  • Take photographs of surrounding debris, the intersection and/or roadways, as well as traffic signs.
  • Gather the names and contact information of any witnesses if they are willing to provide you with their information.
  • Ask all officers for their names, badge numbers and agency contact information.

5. File a Traffic Crash Report with IDOT

While there is no law in Illinois that requires those involved in a car accident to file a police report, accident victims are required to file a written report with the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) within 10 days of an accident that resulted in death, injury or more than $1,500 in property damages pursuant to 625 ILCS 5/11-408. Typically, those involved in a car accident in Illinois will be given a form to complete by law enforcement. In the alternative, the crash report can be filed online by visiting IDOT’s website.

6. Contact a Car Accident Lawyer in Chicago

If you have been injured in a car accident in Illinois, it is important to speak with an experienced lawyer as soon as possible. A lawyer can inform you of important rights such as the time period in which you must file a personal injury or wrongful death lawsuit.

You will also be required to communicate with your insurance company, as well as the insurance company for the other driver. An experienced lawyer can advise you of important procedures, as well as suitable responses to the questions that you are asked. It is not uncommon for your own insurance company to attempt to minimize the extent of your injuries to limit their liability.

7. Talking with Insurance Companies

When communicating with third party insurance companies:

  • Never agree to provide a recorded statement. Direct all communication from insurance agents to your attorney.
  • Do not discuss your case with anyone except your attorney and close family members.
  • Do not provide them your medical records. You or your attorney will gather all your medical records and provide them to the insurance company when ready
  • Do not sign a medical release giving the insurance company authority to access all your medical records

If you have been involved in a car accident in Illinois, you need an experienced personal injury attorney. Please contact us today for a free consultation.

Will Legalization Increase the Number of Marijuana Related Traffic Deaths?

A study by a marijuana consulting firm concluded that legalization of Will Legalization Increase the Number of Marijuana Related Traffic Deathsmarijuana in Illinois could create a market of between $1.69 and $2.58 billion per year. But will legalization increase the number of marijuana related traffic deaths?

The massive tax revenue from such a market, not to mention the potential boost to local economies, has proponents of legalization pushing hard for legalization. State Senator Heather Steans recently introduced SB 7, which would permit recreational marijuana use in Illinois for those over 21 years of age.

The Illinois Senate Executive Committee voted 12-4 in favor of SB 7 on April 3, 2019. As it stands now the bill is nothing more than a “shell bill”, a bill that can receive significant amendments in the future. The Committee’s passage of a bill lacking in detail is perhaps evidence of the growing support in favor of legalization. This is not surprising, given that approximately two-thirds of Illinois voters are in favor of legalization.

Will Legalization Increase the Number of Marijuana Related Traffic Deaths?

Opponents of recreational marijuana use in Illinois argue that those in favor of legalization are ignoring significant long-term consequences. A recent report issued by the Midwest High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area points out that following legalization in Colorado and California, the number of marijuana related traffic deaths increased substantially.

Moreover, in 2016, fifty-one percent of drug related fatal crashes in Iowa involved marijuana use versus forty-one percent nationwide. The study also found that the costs of legalization would outweigh potential tax revenue by more than four times (i.e., for every $1 in tax revenue there would be $4.50 in costs).

An increase in the number of marijuana related traffic deaths is not at all surprising given research into the effects that marijuana use has on driving. The National Institute on Drug Abuse highlights research that shows marijuana use:

  • Impairs judgment
  • Motor coordination and
  • Reaction time

These studies have found a direct relationship between THC blood levels and diminished driving ability.  Perhaps most troubling among the research are the findings that marijuana is the illicit drug most often found in the blood of drivers involved in car accidents, including marijuana related traffic deaths.

Proponents of recreational marijuana use in Illinois have argued that the correlation between recreational use and marijuana related traffic deaths is a function of marijuana remaining in the blood for up to several weeks after use.

In other words, the drivers in fatal car accidents may not have been under the influence of marijuana at the time of the accident. Moreover, some studies have also found that those drivers with marijuana in their blood were more likely to be under the influence of alcohol at the time of the accident.

The correlation between drunk driving and car accidents is essentially common knowledge at this point. Given that studies have found that marijuana use has similar effects on driving ability, it is debatable whether legalization of marijuana is a good idea.

It remains to be seen whether SB 7 or similar legislation legalizing recreational marijuana use in Illinois will be passed. The decision will be one of a cost benefit analysis – potential tax revenue and widespread public approval versus the safety of our roadways.

We have been involved in cases involving the use of drugs and alcohol. If you or a loved one was involved in a marijuana-related car accident, contact us today by calling 1-847-305-4105.

Top 7 Tips To Obtain a Car Accident Settlement in Chicago

It often takes years to obtain a car accident settlement in Chicago. Our approach in car accident cases is to aggressively pursue settlement options Top 7 Tips To Obtain a Car Accident Settlement in Chicagoto avoid the costs and uncertainty associated with litigation. However, we are always prepared to engage our litigation counsel if necessary.

Below are my top 7 tips to obtain a car accident settlement in Chicago:

Tip Number 1

If you have been involved in a car accident, the most important thing is to receive proper medical care. If you suffered “permanent” injuries, no settlement in the world is going to accurately compensate you for your injuries.

As such, I always advise my clients to “Focus on Your Health, Not Your Case.”

For tips on biggest mistakes after an auto accident, check out my YouTube channel called LawFull.

Tip Number 2

This one might sound self-serving, but you should also consult with a Chicago car accident lawyer. I know what you’re thinking – of course he’s going to say that.

I don’t care whether it’s with me or someone else, but there are a lot of moving pieces after an accident and it’s important to get some guidance when you get started. If nothing else, do some research on Illinois law on YouTube or Google.

I’ve seen many things happen in the days and weeks after an accident. I’ve seen victims act out of emotion, giving damaging statements and waiving important rights. Such errors can have devastating consequences and prevent the victim from receiving a fair car accident settlement.

Tip Number 3

If a doctor tells you to do something, do it. I’ve seen several cases where my clients did not follow their doctors’ instructions. Believe me, that is going to come back to haunt you when you’re trying to settle your case. Insurance companies will use your failure to follow doctor’s instructions against you.

Once your medical treatment is finished, we will obtain all of your medical bills and records and review them in depth. We will submit this information along with a formal demand letter to the insurance company.

The insurance company will then analyze the medical bills and records as well. While we try to use the medical information to our advantage, they will try to use it against us. This means, capitalizing on gaps in treatment, failure to follow doctor’s orders, and of course, pre-existing conditions.

Tip Number 4

What are Typical Car Accident Settlement Amounts in Illinois? Every case is different and I’ve seen insurance companies offer widely disparate amounts for the same injuries.

It’s really a sliding scale. In cases where the victim suffered significant and/or permanent injures and missed a substantial amount of time from work, the recovery will be vastly greater than someone who suffered a neck or back sprain.

Tip Number 5

Another important consideration in Illinois is who was at fault. Illinois is what is known as a comparative negligence state. Comparative negligence seeks to allocate recovery based on the extent of the parties’ responsibility for the accident.

In short, if you are 50% or less at fault for an accident, you can recover for your injuries in Illinois. If you are 50.1% or more at fault, you are barred from recovering.

Establishing fault in a contested matter is just another reason why I highly recommend that you consult with an experienced Chicago car accident lawyer.

Insurance companies will seek to reduce your recovery by placing blame on you for the accident. In order to receive the maximum car accident settlement in Chicago, you need an experienced attorney to disprove allegations of fault against you.

Tip Number 6

What if you get hit by an uninsured driver? Often, our clients are involved in auto accidents with another driver that either does not have insurance or has a small insurance policy.

I had a mini-van accident case like that recently. In that case, our client was struck while driving his mini-van in Hoffman Estates. He suffered an injured knee which was worth much more than the $25,000 in insurance the other driver had.

Fortunately, our client carried an underinsured motorist policy and we were able to seek $25,000 from the other driver’s insurance company and another $70k from our client’s insurance company.

Tip Number 7

How Long Does it Take to Receive a Car Accident Settlement? The time required to receive a settlement is a common and valid concern of our clients. Often, car accident victims suffer an immediate financial loss that can add to the stress and trauma of the auto accident.

In addition to medical bills, the cost of purchasing or renting another car and lost wages can take a major toll on clients. While every case is different, we will work to obtain the maximum possible recovery as quickly as possible. However, I don’t want to mislead you either. It’s going to take a while.

Thanks for checking out my blog on the top 7 tips to obtain a car accident settlement in Chicago. If you have been in an auto accident and would like to consult with an experienced Chicago car accident lawyer, please contact us today for a free consultation.

Illinois Dog Bite Law – FAQs

We repeatedly get the same questions regarding Illinois dog bite law. As Illinois dog bite lawsuch, we put together this list of frequently asked questions or FAQs on dog bite law in Illinois.

My name is Barry Zlotowicz and I am an experienced dog bite lawyer.  If you were bitten by a dog or other animal, contact me at 847-305-4105 for a free consultation.

What Law Applies to Dog Bites in Illinois?

Illinois dog bite law is governed by 510 ILCS 5/16.  The statute provides that where a dog (or other animal) attacks an individual without provocation the owner of the animal is liable to the injured person for the full amount of his or her injuries.

Under Illinois Dog Bite Law is the Dog’s Owner Strictly Liable?

Yes.  A dog owner is strictly liable for animal attacks and is liable for the full amount of the injured party’s damages.

Is Illinois law more or less strict than other states?

Illinois dog bite law is significantly stricter than many other states. In Illinois, if a dog bites, the owner is on the hook for the damages.

Other states may follow a negligence theory of liability meaning you have to weigh whether the dog owner breached his or her duty of care in managing his/her animal.

And some states follow a “one-bite rule.” This means that an animal owner is not on the hook the first time their animal bites someone. It should be called the “one-bite free” rule.

Are There Defenses to an Illinois Dog Bite Case?

Yes, there are defenses in a dog bite case, even in a strict liability state.  An experienced dog bite lawyer will typically raise several defenses:

  1. If the owner can establish that the dog was provoked by the injured party, then he or she may not be liable.
  2. Second, if the injured party was trespassing on private property when attacked by the dog the owner will may not be liable for the injuries.

What is the Justice for Buddy Act?

The Justice for Buddy Act is a law that was enacted in Illinois to protect dogs from more vicious animals.  In this case, a small dog named “Buddy” was killed by a neighbor’s dog.

The law comes into effect when a dog that has been deemed “dangerous” is found to be off its leash twice within the 12-month period following the designation.  In such cases, the owner is said to be a “reckless dog owner” and will have to forfeit their dogs to a shelter, rescue or sanctuary. Then the owner will be prohibited from owning dogs for a period of three years.

The Justice for Buddy Act took effect on January 1, 2019.

What is the Statute of Limitations in Illinois Dog Bite Cases?

In Illinois an injured party has two years from the date of the injury to file a complaint in court.  If the case is not filed within two years, the injured party will lose the right to receive compensation for his or her injuries.

The statute of limitations for minors bitten by dogs is different.

Thus, it is important to consult with an experienced dog bite lawyer so that you are aware of your rights and important deadlines.

What Should I do if I Have Been Attacked? 

If you have been bitten or attacked by a dog or other animal, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.

Medical care for dog bites varies as do the injuries suffered by dog bite victims. There is always a risk of infection from the dog’s saliva getting into the wound. Therefore, your medical provider may or may not close the wound with sutures. Thereafter, the wounds should be cleaned regularly.

It is also important to find out whether the has been immunized.  If not, you may need a tetanus shot or additional vaccinations.

Once you have received medical attention, it is important to consult with an experienced lawyer for dog bite to ensure that you are aware of your rights.  The Chicago Legal Group has successfully assisted clients in receiving full compensation for their injuries.  Please contact us today for a free consultation.

Fatal Traffic Crashes in Chicago

Fatal Traffic Crashes in ChicagoAll traffic accidents can be devastating, however, crashes that result in fatalities are particularly tragic events. The Illinois Department of Transportation reports that 1090 people died in traffic crashes in our state in a single year. Chicago news sources are constantly reporting fatal traffic crashes in Chicago:

These are only a few of the many tragic accidents that happen on a regular basis throughout the Chicago area on a regular basis. For each fatality, there are often family members who are left with a loss that permanently changes their lives in numerous ways.

Illinois law recognizes that family members in this situation should have important legal rights if someone else caused the fatal accident. If the accident victim had survived, they would have the right to file a personal injury action and seek damages from a negligent party. Since the deceased person cannot file a lawsuit, the law gives that opportunity to certain surviving family members who can file a wrongful death claim.

Wrongful Death Laws in Illinois

Each state has its own unique laws regarding wrongful death claims. In Illinois, a wrongful death is one that occurs due to another party’s neglect, default, or wrongful act. According to the law, if an injured person would have the right to file a personal injury lawsuit after an accident, the law allows surviving family members to file a wrongful death claim if the injuries were fatal.

In many states, family members file the lawsuit themselves, though Illinois requires that the lawsuit be filed by the personal representative of the deceased’s estate. Often, the personal representative happens to be a close family member, such as a spouse or an adult child, though this is not always the case. If the deceased did not designate someone in their will or died without having a will, the court will appoint a personal representative.

Though the family members do not directly file the claim, certain damages paid are meant for the benefit of a surviving spouse, children, or other next of kin of the deceased, such as damages for mental suffering, grief, and loss of care and companionship. The damages will be distributed to a surviving spouse and other qualifying family members based on the proportions of their losses. Damages for monetary losses including medical and funeral expenses will go to the estate to ultimately be distributed to beneficiaries.

Liability for Fatal Accidents

While any type of traffic accidents can result in fatalities, certain types can have a particular risk of causing fatalities, including:

  • Head-on collisions
  • Rollover crashes
  • Accidents involving large commercial trucks
  • Accidents involving motorcycles, bicycles, or pedestrians

In many cases, fatal traffic crashes in Chicago happen because someone else acted in a negligent manner. When someone owes another person a duty of care and breaches that duty, causing injuries, they are deemed to be negligent under the law. In order to prevail in a wrongful death claim, the personal representative must sufficiently prove negligence on the part of another party.

Other drivers are commonly the at-fault party for fatal traffic accidents. Other drivers have the duty to operate their vehicles in a reasonably safe manner to prevent accidents and injuries. They can breach this duty and cause fatal crashes in many ways, including:

  • Aggressive driving, including tailgating, cutting off other drivers, and excessive speeding
  • Texting, talking on a phone, or other forms of distracted driving
  • Driving under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol
  • Fatigued driving that can lead to a lack of focus or falling asleep at the wheel
  • Violating any Illinois traffic safety laws

It is important to know that another driver is not always liable for wrongful death on the roads. In some cases, a company such as an auto manufacturer may be negligent. Such companies have the legal duty to ensure they sell safe vehicles and auto parts. If an auto part is defective and malfunctions while someone is driving, the malfunction can cause them to lose control and crash.

Auto parts that have caused fatalities include brakes, tires, steering systems, and even airbags. Manufacturing company Takata notoriously produced millions of defective airbags that shot metal shards toward vehicle occupants upon deployment, causing several unnecessary fatalities. In this situation, the wrongful death claims were against the companies involved in producing and selling the airbags.

Negligent parties can also be government entities or construction crews that fail to properly inspect, maintain, or repair roads. Chicago roads can have many dangerous hazards, including potholes, cracks, inadequate guardrails or shoulders, and more. Taking on companies or government agencies can be particularly difficult, though families still deserve to recover from these liable parties.

Civil v. Criminal Claims

As mentioned above, a Cook County sheriff’s deputy recently died in a drunk driving crash. The driver who caused the accident has been criminally charged with driving under the influence (DUI) and reckless homicide, among other offenses. While a criminal conviction and sentence may bring a sense of justice to the family, it does very little to provide surviving family members with the financial recovery they deserve under the law.

A wrongful death claim is filed in civil court, separate from any criminal proceedings. These claims seek money damages instead of criminal penalties such as jail time. The burden of proof is also lower in civil claims than criminal cases, so it may be possible for family members to prevail in a wrongful death lawsuit even if a prosecutor cannot prove a crime beyond of reasonable doubt. It is always worth it to discuss a possible wrongful death claim if you lose someone in a tragic accident.

Contact a Glenview, IL Car Accident Lawyer to Learn About Your Rights

While a wrongful death case can provide compensation for your family, it can also be difficult to discuss what happened. You should not wait to contact an experienced Chicago wrongful death attorney at the Chicago Legal Group for help. We will handle your claim while you focus on your emotional recovery after a tragic loss. Call 847-305-4105 or fill out our online contact form to request a free case evaluation.

Can TBI victims recover compensation?

Traumatic brain injuries, or “TBIs,” are extremely serious injuries that often occur after serious head trauma. They can interfere with the way the can TBI victims recover compensationbrain normally functions and cause a host of serious symptoms and complications that can have a significant impact on a person’s ability to work, go to school, or even engage in everyday tasks. Often, TBIs are considered to be catastrophic injuries due to the neurological and functional impairments that can result.

I’ve been asked can TBI victims recover compensation? The answer is often yes but is based on establishing liability or fault for an accident as I’ve discussed on this site many times.

Traumatic brain injuries are generally categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. A concussion is an example of a common mild TBI. However, despite a “mild” categorization, all degrees of traumatic brain injuries are serious and anyone who suffers head trauma should seek immediate medical attention.

What are the Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury?

The symptoms of a TBI depend largely on the severity of the injury and where the injury occurred in the brain. Different parts of the brain are responsible for different functions, so the effects of an injury can vary significantly from patient to patient.

Some of the symptoms associated with head trauma and a mild traumatic brain injury include:

  • Headaches
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea
  • Memory problems
  • Dizziness
  • Sleep issues
  • Ringing in the ears

Symptoms can persist for days or weeks, and victims are often instructed to rest and use caution to prevent further head trauma. As evidenced by recent lawsuits involving the National Football League (NFL) and National Hockey League (NHL), suffering multiple concussions can have extremely serious long-term effects, such as early-onset dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, as well as a complicated and often fatal condition called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

The symptoms of a moderate TBI are often similar to those of a mild TBI, though they last for several months or longer. Often, moderate TBI victims need rehabilitative therapy to help them overcome the effects of the injury. People with moderate brain injuries often undergo extensive medical monitoring during their recovery process.

Severe TBIs can cause substantially more serious issues, and victims often experience a prolonged period of unconsciousness or coma. Severe TBI patients may spend time in the intensive care unit (ICU) and weeks in the hospital or a brain injury center. In addition to unconsciousness, a severe TBI may be evidenced by clear fluid draining from the nose or ears, memory loss, slurred speech or the loss of verbal communication abilities, and more.

In the days immediately following a severe brain injury, medical professionals will likely be closely monitoring a patient’s intracranial pressure. Swelling of the brain and hemorrhaging in the skull can both put excessive pressure on the brain, causing additional serious damage. In some situations, a surgeon will need to implant an intracranial pressure monitor inside the patient’s skull or even remove part of their skull to relieve the pressure and make room for swelling. Excessive pressure is only one of many complications that can occur after a severe TBI.

All too often, patients with severe TBIs suffer permanent and life-changing impairments. Again, the type of impairments will depend on the location of the injury, and may include one or more of the following:

  • Cognitive impairments – Trouble with communication, processing, following directions, completing basic tasks, learning new things, memory, and more.
  • Physical impairments – TBIs can result in problems with balance, coordination, speech, and sensory abilities.
  • Behavioral impairments – Some TBI victims experience difficulty controlling their emotions, angry outbursts, and even major changes in their personalities.

Many of these impairments can change the course of a victim’s life, as they may have trouble in school, have to switch jobs, or have to relearn how to engage in basic everyday tasks and self-care.

What Kinds of Accidents Can Cause Traumatic Brain Injuries?

Virtually any type of accident that can cause head trauma can result in a brain injury. That said, they often occur in:

  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Slip and fall accidents
  • Bicycle accidents
  • Slip and fall accidents
  • Sports accidents

Importantly, TBIs can occur in the absence of any external object coming into contact with the head if the head shakes violently enough to make the brain hit against the side of the skull, as can occur in a serious car accident.

Can TBI Victims Recover Compensation?

Under Illinois law, if someone else’s negligence caused your TBI, you are likely entitled to compensation for your injuries. Negligence occurs when a person fails to use the degree of care that would ordinarily be used by a reasonable person in the same or similar circumstances. Some examples of negligence that could result in a TBI include:

  • Defective manufacture or design of recreational equipment
  • Distracted driving
  • Traffic violations
  • Failing to mitigate slip and fall hazards on a commercial property
  • Impaired driving
  • Careless playground design

It can be difficult to identify and prove when someone else should be liable for your accident, but an experienced personal injury attorney can evaluate your situation and advise you of your rights.

Do I Need a Lawyer to Recover Compensation after TBI?

So, can TBI victims recover compensation? Yes they can. But, if you suffered a TBI, is highly advisable that you retain a lawyer to represent you after a TBI.

Insurance companies do not have your best interests in mind and will do everything they can to settle your case for as little as possible. Unless you have significant experience litigating TBI cases, it’s hard to know what your case is actually worth, so proceeding without counsel puts you at risk of accepting a settlement offer that does not adequately compensate you for your losses. The most effective way to ensure that you get the full value of your claim is to retain an attorney as soon as you can after an accident.

Contact Chicago Legal Group Today to Schedule a Free Consultation with a Glenview Personal Injury Attorney

If you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury in a preventable accident, you should discuss your case with an attorney as soon as you can. TBI victims are often able to recover significant compensation for their accident-related losses, including their lost income, medical expenses, physical and emotional pain and suffering, and lost quality of life. To schedule a free case evaluation with an attorney, call Chicago legal group today at 847-305-4105 or contact us online.

Drunk driving accidents after the Super Bowl

The Super Bowl on Sunday will mark the end of another football season, but Drunk driving accidents after the Super Bowldid you know that it will also mark the end of the busiest time of the year for drunk driving accidents?

An inordinate about of DUI auto accidents occur between the Wednesday before Thanksgiving and Super Bowl Sunday.  And a large number of these are drunk driving accidents after the Super Bowl.

There are likely several causes behind this:

  • First, inclement weather throughout much of the country during the winter months makes for more hazardous driving conditions.
  • Second, more people drink during the holidays as they attend gatherings with family and friends.
  • Third, there is a significant increase in the number of people on the roadways during the holiday season. For instance, an estimated 97 million Americans take to the roads between December 23 and January 1st alone.
  • Finally, trips to see friends and family during the holidays are typically longer trips. Longer trips increase the risk of driver fatigue which can contribute to an increased number of accidents.

All of these factors together make for a dangerous mix.  Together, they contribute to an estimated 25,000 drunk driving accidents resulting in injuries that occur between Thanksgiving and New Year’s Eve.

Incredibly, the number of drinking violations by repeat drunk drivers jumps an average of 22% on Super Bowl Sunday. This in turn leads to a large number of drunk driving accidents after the Superbowl

In addition to strict penalties for those caught driving while intoxicated, most states have enacted dram shop laws.  Dram shop laws are a body of laws that provide a legal cause of action against the owner of a tavern, pub, restaurant or other establishment that provided alcohol to someone that caused an injury or damages.

Dram shop laws differ from state-to-state as to whether a cause of action can be brought against a social host.  Therefore, if you are planning on hosting a Super Bowl party and serving alcohol to your guests, you may want to keep in mind that if one of your guests is involved in a DUI accident on his or her way home, you may potentially be held liable for any resulting injuries.

Bar and restaurant owners also need to exercise due care to ensure that their patrons drink responsibly.

A Safe Super Bowl Sunday

The Super Bowl has become a national holiday.  Friends and family gather to enjoy the game, consuming high-calorie snacks, which they wash down with plenty of alcohol.

If you are one of those that plan on hitting the roadways this coming Sunday, the best way to avoid the increased probability of a drunk driving accident after the Superbowl is to avoid driving while intoxicated altogether.

Some simple planning can go a long way in reducing your risk of being involved in a DUI accident:

  • Secure a reliable means of travel prior to the game.
  • If you are not planning on consuming alcohol, exercise increased caution on the roadways as there is likely to be a higher frequency of drunk drivers on the road following the game.
  • And remember, Uber and Lyft are the perfect solution to driving drunk.

The Chicago Legal Group can help victims of drunk driving accidents obtain compensation to cover their medical expenses or other costs related to an accident.  In you or anyone you know is a victim of a DUI accident, please contact our office today for a free consultation.